Arnhem

Arnhem first became a city in 1233 when granted rights by Otto II though other versions of the name were mentioned as far back as the late 9th century. The earliest settlement in the area date back to around 1500 BC with evidence of the area being used by Neanderthals dating back even earlier.

World War II brought the Germans into the area during the occupation and the surrounding areas were used as rest and refit areas for German units in the latter part of the war. Field Marshall Bernhard Montgomery came up with the idea of capturing key bridges across the Rhine River and others to help facilitate the Allies on their march into Germany. Operation Market Garden had airborne forces drop near bridges in Eindhoven, Nijmegen and Arnhem to wrest control of the bridges from the Germans. While the bridge at Nijmegen was captured, the bridge at Eindhoven was blown up by the Germans forcing the Allies to build a Bailey Bridge so troops and armor from XXX Corps could cross so the troops could head to Arnhem

The Allies could not wrest control of the bridge in Arnhem after troops that were landed at nearby Oosterbeek could not make it to the bridge. A small band of troops from the British 1st Airborne Division made the bridge and was commanded by Lt. Colonel John Frost who with his troops, put up a valiant defense against German troops and armor trying to retake the bridge from the south side. After running out of ammunition and not being reinforced by other troops from Oosterbeek, they surrendered. The Dutch renamed the bridge the John Frost Bridge in the Lt. Col's honor. The movie A Bridge Too Far is based on the failure to capture the bridge in Arnhem.

The bridge that stands today is actually the third bridge in that location. The movie had to be shot elsewhere due to the area around the bridge had changed too much to represent Arnhem during WWII. The Allies had destroyed the bridge shortly after the battle. St. Eusebiuskerk was also heavily damaged during the war. The tower collapsed after the church was completely burned out. It was rebuilt between 1946 and 1961.

Arnhem
Arnhem
Jansplaats
Jansplaats (Place)
postkantoor
Postkantoor (Post Office)
Marienburgstraat
Marienburgstraat
Bovenbeekstraat
Bovenbeekstraat (Top Stream)
Land Van de Markt
Land Van de Markt (Country's Markt)
Ad In Store Window
Ad In Store Window
St. Walburgiskerk
St. Walburgiskerk
John Frost Brücke
John Frost Brücke (A Bridge Too Far)
John Frost Brücke Memorial
John Frost Brücke Memorial
John Frost Brücke
John Frost Brücke
Six Pounder Anti-Tank Gun
Six Pounder Anti-Tank Gun
St. Eusebiuskerk Monument
St. Eusebiuskerk Monument
Gele Rijdersplein Monument
Gele Rijdersplein Monument (Yellow Rider's Square, Horse Calvary)
Gele Rijdersplein Trumpeter Monument
Gele Rijdersplein Trumpeter Monument (Yellow Rider's Square, Horse Calvary)

Page 2

Copyright © 2001-2013 WhiteKnight77